Diabetes Outpatient Self-Management Training and Education (South Dakota only)

» Summary» Procedure Codes
» Description» Selected References
» Prior Approval» Policy History
» Policy

Medical Policy: 09.01.02 
Original Effective Date: February 1989 
Reviewed: June 2015 
Revised: June 2015 

Benefit Application
Benefit determinations are based on the applicable contract language in effect at the time the services were rendered. Exclusions, limitations or exceptions may apply. Benefits may vary based on contract, and individual member benefits must be verified. Wellmark determines medical necessity only if the benefit exists and no contract exclusions are applicable. This medical policy may not apply to FEP. Benefits are determined by the Federal Employee Program.

This Medical Policy document describes the status of medical technology at the time the document was developed. Since that time, new technology may have emerged or new medical literature may have been published. This Medical Policy will be reviewed regularly and be updated as scientific and medical literature becomes available.


Diabetes is a chronic illness that requires continuing medical care and education in order to prevent acute complications and reduce the risk of developing other conditions related to uncontrolled blood glucose. These other conditions include retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and cardiovascular disease.


Outpatient diabetes training is a program that educates patients in the successful self-management of diabetes. The program includes education about self-monitoring of blood glucose and diet and exercise, as well as an insulin treatment plan for those who are insulin-dependent. Diabetes education programs provided in South Dakota, according to State law, must be recognized by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) or the South Dakota Department of Health.


Prior Approval: 


Not applicable



Outpatient diabetes self-management training and education services are considered medically necessary for members who meet one of the following criteria, as defined by the South Dakota State Code:

  • Persons who are newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus or have received no prior diabetes education;
  • Persons who require a change in current therapy;
  • Persons who have a co-morbid condition such as heart disease or renal failure; or
  • Persons whose diabetes condition is unstable


An outpatient diabetes self-management education program provided in South Dakota is limited to the following:

  • No more than two comprehensive education programs per lifetime; and
  • Up to eight follow up visits per year need to be covered.


Coverage is limited to the closest available qualified education program that provides the necessary management training to accomplish the prescribed treatment.


Diabetes self-management training is considered not medically necessary if the above criteria are not met.


Procedure Codes and Billing Guidelines: 

  • To report provider services, use appropriate CPT* codes, Modifiers, Alpha Numeric (HCPCS level 2) codes, Revenue codes, and/or diagnosis codes.
  • Providers should use the following HCPCS codes to report outpatient diabetes education and training:
    • G0108  Diabetes outpatient self-management training services, individual sessions/30 minutes
    • G0109  Diabetes outpatient self-management training services, group sessions/30 minutes
    • S9140  Diabetic management program, follow up visit to a non-MD provider
    • S9141  Diabetic management program, follow up visit to MD provider
    • S9455  Diabetic management program, group session
    • S9460  Diabetic management program, nurse visit
    • S9465  Diabetic management program, dietician visit


Selected References: 

  • South Dakota State Code, Chapter 67:16:46.
  • American Diabetes Association. (2003). Third party reimbursement for diabetes care, self-management education, and supplies. Diabetes Care, 26(1),S143-S144.
  • American Diabetes Association. Third-Party Reimbursement for Diabetes Care, Self-Management Education, and Supplies. Diabetes Care January 2009 32:S85-S86.
  • South Dakota State Code 58-18-83 amendment in 200 regarding diabetes self management training and education
  • Funnell MM, Brown TL, Childs BP, et al. National standards for diabetes self-management education. Diabetes Care(serial online). 2009;32:S87-S94. [Diabetes Care Web site]. Available at: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/32/Supplement_1/S87.full.pdf+html?sid=383bcb1b-7573-403d-9541-98f062e2c19b 


Policy History: 


Date                                        Reason                               Action

October 2010                         Annual review                     Policy renewed

November 2011                     Annual review                      Policy renewed

October 2012                         Annual review                     Policy renewed

September 2013                    Annual review                      Policy revised

July 2014                              Annual review                      Policy renewed

June 2015                             Annual review                      Policy revised


Wellmark medical policies address the complex issue of technology assessment of new and emerging treatments, devices, drugs, etc.   They are developed to assist in administering plan benefits and constitute neither offers of coverage nor medical advice. Wellmark medical policies contain only a partial, general description of plan or program benefits and do not constitute a contract. Wellmark does not provide health care services and, therefore, cannot guarantee any results or outcomes. Participating providers are independent contractors in private practice and are neither employees nor agents of Wellmark or its affiliates. Treating providers are solely responsible for medical advice and treatment of members. Our medical policies may be updated and therefore are subject to change without notice.

*Current Procedural Terminology © 2012 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.

Contact Information
New information or technology that would be relevant for Wellmark to consider when this policy is next reviewed may be submitted to:
  Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield
  Medical Policy Analyst
  P.O. Box 9232
  Des Moines, IA 50306-9232
© Wellmark, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield is an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association doing business in Iowa and South Dakota.
Privacy & Legal | Browser Information